Historically Finland fought constant battles with other countries (notably Sweden and Russia) in attempting to assert its own independence. It was during the lifetime of Jean Sibelius (1865 – 1957) that many of these struggles were resolved with independence declared in 1917, and it was this great composer who showed his country that it could also have an artistic independence. It was he who pointed the way to a genuine ethnic Finnish sound drawing on many national artistic traditions, in particular the ancient epic poetry of the “Kalevala”, from which he drew much of his orchestral and vocal inspiration. During this course we will look at the development of Finnish music and show how Sibelius gave it a focus and an international recognition on which it has lived ever since.

Resident: £280 Non-Resident: £205 Code: 17/297